India among top 3 countries with high diabetic population
Diabetes cases up to 422 million worldwide; According to the Lancet study, China, India and USA are among the top three countries with a high number of diabetic population. The diabetes capital of the world with as many as 50 million people suffering from type-2 diabetes, India has a challenge to face. However, medical experts feel that timely detection and right management can go a long way in helping patients lead a normal life.
Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases in which the body either fails to produce any insulin ( Diabetes Mellitus -Type 1, also called insulin – dependent which is found in children) or the insulin that it produces is unable to adequately trigger the conversion of food into energy (Diabetes Mellitus – Type 2, also called non-insulin-dependent which is found in adults). Type I Diabetes accounts for approximately 10% of the cases and Type II Diabetes accounts for 90% of the cases.
- Excessive urination
- Increased hunger
- Excessive thirst
- Loss of body weight
- Decreased resistance
Problems Encountered :
- Heart attacks
- Gangrene of foot
- Rapid deterioration of vision, blurred vision, double vision and blindness
- Sexual problems
- Kidney problems
Yogic Management :
The aim of yogic management in the management of diabetes is twofold:
- To stimulate the pancreatic cells to produce adequate amount of insulin
- To reduce the insulin resistance.
Necessary corrections in lifestyle following yoga practices will help the patient to manage the disease successfully.
Shatkarma Kriyas : Kunjal, Neti, Enema, Kapalabhati, Agnisar, Nauli and Shankhaprakshalana
Asanas : Every asana is helpful unless there are other complications. However , a few asanas are given below for the benefit of patients :
Tadasana, TiryakTadasana, Katichakrasana, Yogmudra, Ardhmatseyendrasana,, Bhujangasana, Shalabhasana, Dhanurasana, Naukasana, Mandukasana, Halasana, Matsyasana, Shavasana,
Pranayama : Deep and Long Breathing, Anuloma-viloma, Agnisara, Kapalabhati, Suryabhedana, Bhramri, Bhastrika and Nadishodhana are effective and more useful. Regular brisk walking is helpful.
Bandha : Uddiyanabandh
Meditation : AUM chanting, Breath awareness, Thoughts Watching, World Peace Meditation or Loving Kindness Meditation
Other Yogic Methods : Yoga Nidra
It depends on the severity of the disease, activity and metabolic needs. There are certain general principles for all diabetic diets:
- The calorie intake should allow the patient to lose or to gain weight as required.
- The protein recommended in the diet is normal.
- Carbohydrates should be sufficient to prevent ketosis.
- High fibre in diet helps in controlling diabetes by preventing excessive rise in blood glucose and also helps in decreasing blood cholesterol and triglycerides which in turn helps in reducing weight.
The diabetic patient must have healthy food habits to avoid further loss of health : Turnip, Cucumber, Garlic, Bottle Gourd, Bitter Gourd (karela), Spinach, Fenugreek, Bathua, Chaulai, Methi, Amla, Jamun, Bel , Tomato, Black berry, Cabbage, Onion, Butter Milk etc. Food containing whole grains and vegetables are ideal for a good diet because they tend to slow absorption, helping to avoid a rapid rise in blood glucose.
Food to be avoided by diabetic patients :
The diabetic patient should strictly avoid the following food to maintain blood sugar level under control : Potatoes in any form, rice, all types of sweet fruits, fried foods, items prepared from white flour (maida), cashew nuts, pastries, glucose, dry fruits, ice cream, oil, ghee, meat, fish, egg, coffee, tobacco, sugar, especially refined sugar, typical foods to be avoided are “ junk foods”, intoxicating drinks, etc.
- Food control is necessary for the diabetic patient.
- Eat small amounts of meal at frequent intervals rather than a few large meals each day.
- After regular yoga session , long walk in the morning and evening with deep breathing is beneficial
- Diabetic patient must keep himself stress free in the daily life.